Categories
Religion and Theology

Discuss the question prompts above.

ead the primary sources #66 “Church and State in the Sovereign Republics of Spanish America” p 154-159, in Penyak and Petry’s A Documentary History PART IX, CHURCH AND STATE IN THE NEW AMERICAS (see PDF).
How does the congress of the sovereign republic of Colombia deal with the traditional right of the patronato real (royal patronage) by which the Spanish Crown had appointed all the archbishops and bishops of the colony? What was the position of the church in the new republic under this legislation?
Why may the oath required of all Venezuelan bishops appointed by the pope after 1841 be considered a “moderate” solution to the state-church problem, that problem in this case being which institution, church or state, was superior and answerable only to God?
Similarly, article 10 of the Chilean constitution of 1925 may be considered a “moderate” solution to problems growing out of the traditional prerogatives of the Church in Spanish America. Why? What prerogatives of the church are recognized, denied, or modified?
The 1914 Carranza and Villa accord and the Villa telegraph are clear examples of this hostility toward the Mexican Catholic Church. How do the principles listed in the 1925 circular of the “National Catholic” Church of Mexico illustrate the depth of the revolutionaries’ disdain for the historic “Roman Catholic” Church in Mexico? How do the provisions of articles 24 and 27 of the 1917 Mexican Constitution (an aggressively updated version of La Reforma of the nineteenth century) respond to the historic position that the Catholic Church held in New Spain?
Give a summary of the content: who? what? when? where? (20%)
Give your critical (and personal) reaction to the content (20%).
Discuss the question prompts above. Back up your observations with examples (20%).
Do not forget to proof read your post for grammar, punctuation and verb agreement. Use the spell checker!
Please do not forget to leave 3 replies totaling at least 50 words or 3 complete sentences to several other student’s posts for 20% of the credit for the assignment.

Categories
Religion and Theology

The responses cannot be a simple “you did a good job, etc.”

I assigned another prof a discussion post late yesterday evening. He wrote the post and responded to the question, but the feedback from another classmate leads me to believe he did not do the reading. I need a sort of revision or simply a response to defend the arguments made in my post. I also need 3 replies to other students’ posts that consist of 50 words or at least 3 complete sentences. The responses cannot be a simple “you did a good job, etc.” I need this by 11:30PM today at the latest.
I have attached the documents you will need to complete the project.

Categories
Religion and Theology

Give a summary of the content: who?

ead the primary sources #66 “Church and State in the Sovereign Republics of Spanish America” p 154-159, in Penyak and Petry’s A Documentary History PART IX, CHURCH AND STATE IN THE NEW AMERICAS (see PDF).
How does the congress of the sovereign republic of Colombia deal with the traditional right of the patronato real (royal patronage) by which the Spanish Crown had appointed all the archbishops and bishops of the colony? What was the position of the church in the new republic under this legislation?
Why may the oath required of all Venezuelan bishops appointed by the pope after 1841 be considered a “moderate” solution to the state-church problem, that problem in this case being which institution, church or state, was superior and answerable only to God?
Similarly, article 10 of the Chilean constitution of 1925 may be considered a “moderate” solution to problems growing out of the traditional prerogatives of the Church in Spanish America. Why? What prerogatives of the church are recognized, denied, or modified?
The 1914 Carranza and Villa accord and the Villa telegraph are clear examples of this hostility toward the Mexican Catholic Church. How do the principles listed in the 1925 circular of the “National Catholic” Church of Mexico illustrate the depth of the revolutionaries’ disdain for the historic “Roman Catholic” Church in Mexico? How do the provisions of articles 24 and 27 of the 1917 Mexican Constitution (an aggressively updated version of La Reforma of the nineteenth century) respond to the historic position that the Catholic Church held in New Spain?
Give a summary of the content: who? what? when? where? (20%)
Give your critical (and personal) reaction to the content (20%).
Discuss the question prompts above. Back up your observations with examples (20%).
Do not forget to proof read your post for grammar, punctuation and verb agreement. Use the spell checker!
Please do not forget to leave 3 replies totaling at least 50 words or 3 complete sentences to several other student’s posts for 20% of the credit for the assignment.

Categories
Religion and Theology

Are these letters applicable to us?

Respond to each classmate statement with at least 112 words:
Classmate 1)
Professor and class,
Apocalyptic Literature
“Apocalypse” came from the Greek word apokalypsis, which means “revealed” (White). Two examples of apocalyptic literature in the Bible would be the books of Daniel and Revelation (Robinson; White). Apocalyptic reasoning has been considered “the child of prophecy in a new idiom.” This type of prophetic literature has been referred to as “a product of hope and despair; hope in the eternal power of God and despair over the present evil conditions of the world” (White). For Christians, these are predictions to come where evil will finally be dealt with and perfect peace will be restored, which has not been seen since before humanity sinned in the Garden of Eden.
If a prophet speaks a prophesy that does not come true, that prophesy is a false prophesy; therefore, making that prophet a false prophet. Deuteronomy 18:22 points out that false prophets and their prophesies should not be feared. With that in mind, if a prophesy in apocalyptic literature is ever proven false, then that prophesy and every prophesy from that source should not be feared.
The Epistles
Are these letters applicable to us? For Christians, yes. For non-Christians, it depends on the individual reading them. For someone that does not know God and is seeking Him, yes. Other than that, probably not. Were they meant just for their intended recipients? For Christians, no. For non-Christians, most likely yes. How can we determine this? From a Christian perspective, 2 Timothy 3:16 says, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (The Bible). Christians believe that every book in the Bible is the Word of God; therefore, everything in the scriptures was written for them. Christians believe that when they read the Bible, God speaks to them. From a non-Christian perspective, this is harder to answer. I would assume that those without faith and belief in the Word, will have a different and/or opposite view of it than those that do.
Blessings,
-Jake
Works Cited
Robinson, B.A. “Apocalyptic Writings in the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures.” Religious Tolerance, 2009, www.religioustolerance.org/chr_ntb5a.htm. Accessed 17 Oct. 2022.
The Bible. King James Version. Bible Gateway, www.biblegateway.com. Accessed 17 Oct. 2022.
White, L. Michael. “Apocalyptic Literature in Judaism & Early Christianity.” Frontline, 2014, www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/apocalypse/primary/white.html. Accessed 17 Oct. 2022.
Classmate 2)
Hey everyone. I hope you are all having a great week.
Apocalyptic Literature
There are two apocalyptic books in the Bible; Daniel in the Old Testament, and Revelations in the New Testament. The Greek meaning for the word apocalypse means revealed which gives insight into the type of characteristics that may be contained in the writings. Apocalyptic literature developed from prophetic traditions became popular after the birth of Jesus. Prophetic and apocalyptic literature are often the product of a difficult time. Apocalyptic literature provides hope for the future through God’s promises. It contains elements that often include: “rewritten history, a deterministic view of the world, strong moral dualism, predictions of supernatural intervention, guided tours of heaven, and divine deliverance after the shaking of the earth’s foundations” (Kaminsky).
Letters of the New Testament
Most of the New Testament text is in the form of actual letters while a few are in letter format but are actually essays/dissertations. Out of the 21 letters in the New Testament, 13 are claimed to be written by Paul with speculation that some may have been written by his disciples. While in captivity, it was important to Paul to write to the churches he helped found. These letters are known as the “Captivity Epistles”. Additionally, some of Paul’s letters were written to church leaders. These books are known as the “Pastoral Epistles”. I believe Paul’s letters are still applicable today. Although the letters were addressed to specific audiences, Paul intended for his letters to be used for encouragement and sharing throughout church communities. I feel that they are still serving the intended purpose, as the lessons are still applicable today.
Thanks for reading
Teri
Works Cited
Kaminsky, Joel S., et al. The Abingdon Introduction to the Bible?: Understanding Jewish and Christian Scriptures. Abingdon Press, 2014. EBSCOhost, https://search-ebscohost-com.ezproxy2.apus.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip&db=nlebk&AN=857246&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Categories
Religion and Theology

How can we determine this?

Respond to each classmate statement with at least 112 words:
Classmate 1)
Professor and class,
Apocalyptic Literature
“Apocalypse” came from the Greek word apokalypsis, which means “revealed” (White). Two examples of apocalyptic literature in the Bible would be the books of Daniel and Revelation (Robinson; White). Apocalyptic reasoning has been considered “the child of prophecy in a new idiom.” This type of prophetic literature has been referred to as “a product of hope and despair; hope in the eternal power of God and despair over the present evil conditions of the world” (White). For Christians, these are predictions to come where evil will finally be dealt with and perfect peace will be restored, which has not been seen since before humanity sinned in the Garden of Eden.
If a prophet speaks a prophesy that does not come true, that prophesy is a false prophesy; therefore, making that prophet a false prophet. Deuteronomy 18:22 points out that false prophets and their prophesies should not be feared. With that in mind, if a prophesy in apocalyptic literature is ever proven false, then that prophesy and every prophesy from that source should not be feared.
The Epistles
Are these letters applicable to us? For Christians, yes. For non-Christians, it depends on the individual reading them. For someone that does not know God and is seeking Him, yes. Other than that, probably not. Were they meant just for their intended recipients? For Christians, no. For non-Christians, most likely yes. How can we determine this? From a Christian perspective, 2 Timothy 3:16 says, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (The Bible). Christians believe that every book in the Bible is the Word of God; therefore, everything in the scriptures was written for them. Christians believe that when they read the Bible, God speaks to them. From a non-Christian perspective, this is harder to answer. I would assume that those without faith and belief in the Word, will have a different and/or opposite view of it than those that do.
Blessings,
-Jake
Works Cited
Robinson, B.A. “Apocalyptic Writings in the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures.” Religious Tolerance, 2009, www.religioustolerance.org/chr_ntb5a.htm. Accessed 17 Oct. 2022.
The Bible. King James Version. Bible Gateway, www.biblegateway.com. Accessed 17 Oct. 2022.
White, L. Michael. “Apocalyptic Literature in Judaism & Early Christianity.” Frontline, 2014, www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/apocalypse/primary/white.html. Accessed 17 Oct. 2022.
Classmate 2)
Hey everyone. I hope you are all having a great week.
Apocalyptic Literature
There are two apocalyptic books in the Bible; Daniel in the Old Testament, and Revelations in the New Testament. The Greek meaning for the word apocalypse means revealed which gives insight into the type of characteristics that may be contained in the writings. Apocalyptic literature developed from prophetic traditions became popular after the birth of Jesus. Prophetic and apocalyptic literature are often the product of a difficult time. Apocalyptic literature provides hope for the future through God’s promises. It contains elements that often include: “rewritten history, a deterministic view of the world, strong moral dualism, predictions of supernatural intervention, guided tours of heaven, and divine deliverance after the shaking of the earth’s foundations” (Kaminsky).
Letters of the New Testament
Most of the New Testament text is in the form of actual letters while a few are in letter format but are actually essays/dissertations. Out of the 21 letters in the New Testament, 13 are claimed to be written by Paul with speculation that some may have been written by his disciples. While in captivity, it was important to Paul to write to the churches he helped found. These letters are known as the “Captivity Epistles”. Additionally, some of Paul’s letters were written to church leaders. These books are known as the “Pastoral Epistles”. I believe Paul’s letters are still applicable today. Although the letters were addressed to specific audiences, Paul intended for his letters to be used for encouragement and sharing throughout church communities. I feel that they are still serving the intended purpose, as the lessons are still applicable today.
Thanks for reading
Teri
Works Cited
Kaminsky, Joel S., et al. The Abingdon Introduction to the Bible?: Understanding Jewish and Christian Scriptures. Abingdon Press, 2014. EBSCOhost, https://search-ebscohost-com.ezproxy2.apus.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip&db=nlebk&AN=857246&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Categories
Religion and Theology

Consider this to be a serious assignment.: it is a deep spiritual engagement with yourself, your creator and your historical past.

Treat your studies this semester at Daystar as a critical juncture in your life and work out a personal reflection comprised of
a) Personal SWOT analysis
b) Analysis and reflection upon significant personal experiences whether blessings or challenges, family background, gender, abilities and capabilities, opportunities, mistakes, etc. in the light of the fact that God is good to all people
c) What do you consider to be God’s reason/purpose for you being born and placing you in your generation and this world?.
Present a summary report of this assignment to the lecturer for grading. Consider this to be a serious assignment.: It is a deep spiritual engagement with yourself, your Creator and your historical past. So, take it seriously, thoughtfully and prayerfully for maximum benefit. Since the assignment might contain deeply personal information and self-disclosure, the lecturer commits himself to treat it with maximum confidentiality. Nevertheless, if you feel that some details are best left out of third-party consumption, feel free to leave these out on condition that you still thoroughly reflect upon them. This report should be summarized to not more than 5 pages, double-spaced, Times New Roman and font 12.

Categories
Religion and Theology

Why is covenant a central theme of the old testament?

Directions: Type and Submit All Your Answers in One Document (preferably as a PDF) to Dropbox File
Request by Tuesday, October 18 by 11:59pm. If it is not handed in, it will be considered late, which results in at
least a 10% decrease in your points.
Important Policy Regarding Take Home Exam: You should only be consulting yourself, your notes, your
reading, and your knowledge for completing this exam. You should not be doing this exam with your fellow
students or with other sources than what you would normally have access to for an open book in class exam.
Question 1: What does “covenant” mean in the Old Testament as we discussed in class? What are the four
covenants and the parts of the four covenants of the Old Testament that we have discussed in our course?
Why is covenant a central theme of the old testament? &2 points)
Adam
Eve,
Abraham, David moses,
Question 2: Choose one biblical period in the Old Testament and describe the major characters, events, and
ideas as we have discussed it in the course. Please also explain how it fits in to the wider chronology of early
Judaism as we have studied it in this course. (1 points)
Question 3: Describe why Abraham, David, and the Babylonian Exile are significant for the Old Testament as
ancestors/events of Jesus Christ (Mt 1:1-17)? (1 point)
Question 4a: Describe the name of God and its significance for theology in the Old Testament? Use the
appropriate Bible passage to help you. (1 point) Or Question 4b: For the Old Testament, what is meant by the
faith (as intellectual assent, relational trust, and seeing as God sees)? Use a story in the Bible to help you. (1
point)
Question 5: Choose a Psalm and interpret it in light of what you have learned about early Judaism’s view
about faith. (1 point)
Part 2: Themes and Meanings of the Old Testament
Directions: Answer the question below with a 800 – 1200 word essay using at least three biblical passages
and class discussions to help you. You may go over the word limit.
Begin your answer with a clear, concise thesis statement answering the chosen question. Give adequate or
exemplary support for the thesis statement from relevant biblical passages and class discussion. Close your
answer with a clear, concise restatement of your thesis.
Question 6: In our course we have been studying the Bible using drama and the stage to help us understand it
as a unified narrative and worldview. Describe the themes and meanings of the parts of the biblical drama we
have discussed so far in class as you answer this question: What are the major themes and meanings of the
setting of the scene, the inciting incident, and the rising action for the biblical drama? (4 points)

Categories
Religion and Theology

Give adequate or

Directions: Type and Submit All Your Answers in One Document (preferably as a PDF) to Dropbox File
Request by Tuesday, October 18 by 11:59 pm. If it is not handed in, it will be considered late, which results in at
At least a 10% decrease in your points.
Important Policy Regarding Take Home Exam: You should only be consulting yourself, your notes, your
reading, and your knowledge for completing this exam. You should not be doing this exam with your fellow
students or with sources other than what you would normally have access to for an open-book in-class exam.
Question 1: What does “covenant” mean in the Old Testament as we discussed in class? What are the four
covenants and the parts of the four covenants of the Old Testament that we have discussed in our course?
Why is covenant a central theme of the old testament? &2 points)
Adam
Eve,
Abraham, David Moses,
Question 2: Choose one biblical period in the Old Testament and describe the central characters, events, and
ideas as we have discussed in the course. Please also explain how it fits into the wider chronology of early
Judaism as we have studied it in this course. (1 point)
Question 3: Describe why Abraham, David, and the Babylonian Exile are significant for the Old Testament as
ancestors/events of Jesus Christ (Mt 1:1-17). (1 point)
Question 4a: Describe the name of God and its significance for theology in the Old Testament. Use the
appropriate Bible passage to help you. (1 point) Or Question 4b: For the Old Testament, what is meant by the
faith (as intellectual assent, relational trust, and seeing as God sees)? Use a story in the Bible to help you. (1
point)
Question 5: Choose a Psalm and interpret it in light of what you have learned about early Judaism’s view
of faith. (1 point)
Part 2: Themes and Meanings of the Old Testament
Directions: Answer the question below with an 800 – 1200 word essay using at least three biblical passages
and class discussions to help you. You may go over the word limit.
Begin your answer with a clear, concise thesis statement answering the chosen question. Give adequate or
exemplary support for the thesis statement from relevant biblical passages and class discussion. Close your
answer with a clear, concise restatement of your thesis.
Question 6: In our course, we have been studying the Bible using drama and the stage to help us understand it
as a unified narrative and worldview. Describe the themes and meanings of the parts of the biblical drama we
have discussed so far in class as you answer this question: What are the major themes and implications of the
setting of the scene, the inciting incident, and the rising action for the biblical drama? (4 points)

Categories
Religion and Theology

Why is covenant a central theme of the old testament?

Directions: Type and Submit All Your Answers in One Document (preferably as a PDF) to Dropbox File
Request by Tuesday, October 18 by 11:59pm. If it is not handed in, it will be considered late, which results in at
least a 10% decrease in your points.
Important Policy Regarding Take Home Exam: You should only be consulting yourself, your notes, your
reading, and your knowledge for completing this exam. You should not be doing this exam with your fellow
students or with other sources than what you would normally have access to for an open book in class exam.
Question 1: What does “covenant” mean in the Old Testament as we discussed in class? What are the four
covenants and the parts of the four covenants of the Old Testament that we have discussed in our course?
Why is covenant a central theme of the old testament? &2 points)
Adam
Eve,
Abraham, David moses,
Question 2: Choose one biblical period in the Old Testament and describe the major characters, events, and
ideas as we have discussed it in the course. Please also explain how it fits in to the wider chronology of early
Judaism as we have studied it in this course. (1 points)
Question 3: Describe why Abraham, David, and the Babylonian Exile are significant for the Old Testament as
ancestors/events of Jesus Christ (Mt 1:1-17)? (1 point)
Question 4a: Describe the name of God and its significance for theology in the Old Testament? Use the
appropriate Bible passage to help you. (1 point) Or Question 4b: For the Old Testament, what is meant by the
faith (as intellectual assent, relational trust, and seeing as God sees)? Use a story in the Bible to help you. (1
point)
Question 5: Choose a Psalm and interpret it in light of what you have learned about early Judaism’s view
about faith. (1 point)
Part 2: Themes and Meanings of the Old Testament
Directions: Answer the question below with a 800 – 1200 word essay using at least three biblical passages
and class discussions to help you. You may go over the word limit.
Begin your answer with a clear, concise thesis statement answering the chosen question. Give adequate or
exemplary support for the thesis statement from relevant biblical passages and class discussion. Close your
answer with a clear, concise restatement of your thesis.
Question 6: In our course we have been studying the Bible using drama and the stage to help us understand it
as a unified narrative and worldview. Describe the themes and meanings of the parts of the biblical drama we
have discussed so far in class as you answer this question: What are the major themes and meanings of the
setting of the scene, the inciting incident, and the rising action for the biblical drama? (4 points)

Categories
Religion and Theology

2) what happens when predictions don’t come true according to interpretations?

Please respond to the question with at least 250 words: Apocalyptic literature is filled with imagery. 1) What is the purpose of this kind of literature? 2) What happens when predictions don’t come true according to interpretations? Also, our culture seems to have drifted away from letter-writing forms, but this makes up much of the New Testament text. 3) Are these letters applicable to us? 4) Were they meant just for their intended recipients? 5) How can we determine this?